Building Operation, Maintenance and Safety Regulations


Building engineering

  • The Architect and Professional Engineer of building design and construction
  • Engineering for building: structural engineering; mechanical; electrical; plumbing; fire safety
  • Building classification
  • Building utilization
  • Building Code
  • Fire Code
  • New York Construction Code
  • New York City Administrative Code
  • OSHA Safety Standards
  • New York City Air Code
  • DEP Asbestos Rules and Regulation
  • ARI Standard and Regulation
  • ASHRAE Recommendation
  • ACME Standard and Regulation



New York City Building construction, operation, maintenance and safety regulation

  • Department of Building - DOB
  • Fire Department - NYFD
  • Department of Environmental Protection - DEP
  • Department of Consumers Affairs - DCA
  • NYS Department of Labor
  • Department of Occupational Safety and Health - DOSH

New York City Licenses

  • Master plumber - DOB
  • Master Electrician - DOB
  • High Pressure Boiler Operator Engineer - DOB
  • NYC Refrigeration Machine Operator / Refrigerating System Operating Engineer - NYFD
  • Home Improvement Contractor - DCA
  • NY Asbestos Abatement Contractor – DOSH

Certificate of Qualification and Fitness

  • Refrigerator Technical Type Universal - EPA
  • Fire Safety Director - NYFD
  • C o F Standpipe System with Gravity Tank, with Pressure Tank, with City Mains, with Fire Pumps, Dry Pipe System - NYFD
  • C o F Sprinkler System with Gravity Tank, with Pressure Tank, with City Mains, with Fire Pumps, Auto Dry Sprinkler system, Citywide Sprinkler System - NYFD
  • C o F To Operate Air Compressors - NYFD
  • C o F Low Pressure Oil Boiler –NYFD


Green Building also known as Sustainable Building

  • Building Envelopes
  • Thermal Comfort Application for Residences, Commercial and Public Buildings, Hotels and Motels
  • Energy and Atmosphere; Refrigerant in new building HVAC and renovated HVAC system
  • Energy Management
  • Indoor Environmental Health; Comfort Application for Residences, Commercial and Public Buildings
  • Clean Air Act, EPA Section 608, Montreal Protocol
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

Co-generation, Combined Heating and Power

Definition; Thermal Efficiency; Co-generators for Small Residential Application; Environmental Impact Co-generation Energy System; Co-generation Reduce Emissions

NYSEDRA and Con Edison Applications for Co-generation Energy Systems


Field Trip

Residential Property or Hotel in Manhattan

Introducing to Infrastructure of Building; Power Plant and Mechanical Rooms; HVAC, Plumbing, Sewer, Electrical Power, Sprinklers and Standpipe systems, Fire Alarm and Fire Command Station, Recycling and Reclamation Programs; Introduction in Green Building Requirements to understand LEED Operation and Maintenance Solutions; Preventive Maintenance Of Mechanical Equipment, PM Evaluation Criteria, Inspection, Staffing for PM, PM Guide and Checklist; Employee Training, License and Certificates Requirements for this Property and Property like this



Boiler Classification according ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section I Power Boilers and Section IV Heating Boilers;

  • High and Low Pressure Boilers; Steam and Hot Water; Boiler Operator Licensing Requirements
  • Boiler Type Classification: Water-tube, Fire-tube, Cast Iron Sectional, Condensing
  • Classification of Water-tube Boiler according to the water circulation: Natural Circulation and Forced Circulation Boilers; Drums and Arch tube Design: Single Drum, Bi Drum; 
  • Classification of Fire-tube Boiler: Scotch Marine, Firebox, Vertical Fire-tube, Locomotive Boiler, Horizontal Return Tubular Boiler HRT
  • Boilers Classification based on type of Fuel: Gas Fire Boiler, Oil Fire Boiler, Coal Fire Boiler, Dual Fire Boiler, Waste and Biomass Fire Boilers


Boiler Auxiliary Equipment

  • Deaerators, Economizers, Generators, Heat Exchangers, Expansion Tanks, Feed water Equipment, Blow off and Blow down Equipment
  • Feed Water Preparation; Makeup water, Return Condensate; Corrosion, Ph Variation, Acidic and Caustic ; Embrittlement; Carryover, Foaming, Correction of Problems
  • Deaerators Mechanical and Chemical; Tray-Type Deaerating Heaters, Spray-Type Deaerating Heaters
  • Economizers; Blow down Control, Bottom Blow down, Continuous Blow down
  • Boiler Efficiency; Combustion Efficiency; Thermal Efficiency; Principal Fuel and Air Mixture; Combustion Process; Excess Air; Carbon Dioxide Emission; Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) Emission
  • Fuel Oil Burners: Two Categorized as Vaporize and Atomize; Generally designed as Pot-type, Gun-type, Rotary-type; 
  • Pot-type Fuel Burners: Natural Draft, Forced Draft, Sleeve; Gun-type Fuel Burners for Residential 80-130 psi Oil Pressure and Industrial/Commercial Burners 100-300 psi Oil Pressure; Rotary Fuel Burner: Rotary Nozzle and Rotary Cup



Fuel Oil

  • Classification of Fuel Oil: Kerosene, Light Fuel Oil as Fuel Oil # 2, Blended Fuel Oil as Fuel Oil #4, Residual , Heavy Fuel Oil as Fuel Oil #5 and Fuel Oil #6 (“bunker C oil”)
  • Fuel Oil characteristic: Viscosity SSU, BTU Content in Fuel Oil (Calorific Value), Chemicals Content, Flush Point, Boiling Point
  • Overview of Low PSI Oil Circulation In the Burner System: Oil Storage Tank, Oil Tank Pre-Heater, Vent Pipe, Fill Pipe, Fuel Gauge, Strainer, Compound Gauge, Oil Suction Pump, Pre-Heater, Electrical Pre-Heater, Metering Valve, Electric Oil Solenoid Valve, Optional Return Line With Heater
  • Oil Burner Controls Operation and Safety; Vaporstat, Ignition, Photoelectric Cell, Aquastat, Low Water Cut Off (LWCO), Gauge Glass, Stack Switch, Smoke Alarm, Boiler Pressure Gauge Safety Valve, Pressuretrol automatic Pressure Control; Boiler Room Safety, Boiler Log Book



Supervise Low PSI Oil Burner

  • Certificate of Fitness for Supervise Low PSI Oil Burner Operator, All requirements from Fire Department, City of New York, Bureau of Fire Prevention 
  • Combustion Testing for Oil Burner and Troubleshooting: Combustion Analysis Basics and Tools for TAB, Carbon Dioxide; Smoke Combustion Rengelman Chart and Bacharach Scale; Stack Temperature, High Stack Temperature; Minimizing Losses; Draft Fan; Stack and Chimney
  • Green Building Energy and Atmosphere; DEP new rules to convert Burning Equipment to a cleaner fuel alternative by 2015, Options # 4, #2, gas or combination Oil # 2 and Gas
  • Fuel Cost; Rebate Programs for Converting Heating Oil # 6 to Oil # 2, Gas, Combination Oil # 2/Gas; Rebate Programs Con Ed and NYSERDA


Steam System

  • Steam System Terminology; Steam System Classification, High Pressure above 15psig, Low Pressure up to 15psig, Vacuum and Vapor Steam System; Steam System Gravity and Mechanical; Upper Feed and Down Feed Systems
  • Steam System Components, Valves, Traps, Vacuum Breakers, Steam System Pipes; Steam System Sizing and Selection; Water Hammer in Steam System; Condensate Return, Dry and Wet Return; Hartford Loop
  • Steam Traps Classification, F&T Float & Thermostatic, Bi-metal Thermostatic, Inverted Bucket, Impulse and Thermodynamic Disc Trap; Preventive Maintenance and Energy Saving Program with Steam Trap Application
  • City Steam; High, Medium and Low Pressure; Pressure Reducing Station PRV, One or Two PRV Stages; Typical Customer Meter Station; Maintenance and Repair, High Pressure Pipe Repair, Welding procedure
  • Steam Condensing and Receiving Systems, Potential Corrosion Problems, Oxygen Corrosion, Carbon Dioxide Corrosion

Steam Heating System Classification

  • One Pipe Steam System, Two Pipe Steam System, Vacuum Steam System; Vari-Vac Differential Heating Steam; Heating Steam System Components, Steam Radiators or Convectors, Heat Exchanger, Ceiling Hung Unit Heater, Fan Coil Unit, Air Handling Heating Coil , Vacuum Pumps (Dunham Bush), Condensate Pump, Boiler Feed Pumps
  • Green Retrofit: Conversion of Steam Heating System into Vapor Heating System with Natural Induced Vacuum (VHSNIV), Energy Saving Benefits and Low Maintenance for VHSNIV
  • Asbestos Abatement in compliance with the Federal, State, City Environmental Rules and Regulations; Steam Pipe Insulation new Rules and Regulation, Energy Saving Program from NYSEDRA and Con Ed


Introduction to Plumbing

  • Piping Classification; Pipe and Fitting Materials: Cooper, Cast-Iron, Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel, Plastic Pipe; Plumbing Safety and Plumbing Tools
  • Plumbing Fixture; Reviews the Different Type of Plumbing Fixtures and Materials used in them. Plumbing Fixture Calculation in reference to Plumbing Code and NYC Building Code
  • Introduction to Water Distribution Systems; Components of Water Distribution Systems; Water Sources and Water Treatment; Pump Station ; Type of Valves, their Components, Repair and Replacement; Water Meter; Code Requirements for Water Supply Systems
  • Introduction to Drain, Waste and Vent System; Components of Drain and Waste Systems; Calculation of Drain, Waste and Vent Piping Size; Trap Classification; House Trap and Building Code Requirements
  • Backflow Prevention; Different Type of Backflow Prevention Devices; Annually Testing; Building Code Requirements
  • Hangers, Support, Structure Penetration and Fire Stopping
  • Domestic Hot Water Heater (DHWH); Classification of DHWH: Gas- Fire, Electrical, Instantaneous, Indirect Water Heater, Solar; Building Code Requirements for Installation and Safety Issues; Circulating Pumps
  • Sewage and Sump Pump; Installation and Repair; Septic System; Controls and Troubleshoot


Fire Prevention and Fire Safety

  • Key Elements of Fire Safety as components of Building Safety; Building Construction requirements, Egress Requirements, Fire Detection and Notification System, Fire Alarm Control Panel, Fire Suppression Requirements, Special Fire Protection Fireproofing and Fire stopping, Emergency Power and Lighting
  • NFPA and NYC Building Code Requirements for Maximum Occupancy, Public Assembly, Fire Safety Plan, Fire Safety Education, Licenses and Certificates of Fitness

Sprinkler System and Standpipe System

  • Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems Maintenance and Inspection; General Procedure for Record Keeping, Impairments and Safety
  • Sprinkler Types Systems; Automatic Wet and Dry Systems, Cold Weather Valve, Dry Pipe Valve and Quick Opening Devices; Pre-action Sprinkler Systems; Deluge Sprinkler Systems; Special System for Garbage Compactors; 
  • Sprinkler Heads, Temperature Rating Classification, Color Coding, Maintenance for Sprinklers, Spare SPR Heads; Sprinkler System Pipe , Risers, Branch , Standard Steel Pipe, Victaulic Pipe and Fitting, CPVC Piping ; 


Water supplies for Sprinkler and Standpipe

  • Water Supplies for Sprinkler Systems; Water Sources Primary and Secondary; Fire Department Connection, Siamese Connection; Color Coding
  • Gravity Tank, Capacity and Connection, Water Level and Water Temperature and Water Pressure, Water Flow Alarm and Supervision Signals
  • Pressure Tanks, Size Limitation, Capacity and Connection Water- Air Level, Minimum Inside Pressure, Temperature Requirements, Pressure Tank Alarm, Supervision of Pressure Tank , Combination Pressure and Gravity Tank
  • Fire Pumps, Centrifugal Pumps, Principal of Operation, Turbine Pump, Pump Activation; Pressure Maintenance Pumps - Jockey Pumps; Booster Pumps; Operation and Supervision, Pump Location, Control and Activation
  • Standpipe; Standpipe Design; Typical Fire House Outlets; Dry and Wet Standpipe Systems; Classes of Standpipe Systems, Class I, Class II and Class III; Typical PIV Valve; Water Supply Sources for Standpipe Systems: System With City Mains, Fire Pump, Gravity Tank, Pressure Tank , Siamese Connection; Inspection and Maintenance

The Retraining program is made possible through generous donations from the Robin Hood Foundation and Con Edison. The Retraining Program would also like to thank our individual donors for support.


  • Founded by inventor, industrialist and philanthropist Peter Cooper in 1859, The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art offers education in art, architecture and engineering, as well as courses in the humanities and social sciences.

  • “My feelings, my desires, my hopes, embrace humanity throughout the world,” Peter Cooper proclaimed in a speech in 1853. He looked forward to a time when, “knowledge shall cover the earth as waters cover the great deep.”

  • From its beginnings, Cooper Union was a unique institution, dedicated to founder Peter Cooper's proposition that education is the key not only to personal prosperity but to civic virtue and harmony.

  • Peter Cooper wanted his graduates to acquire the technical mastery and entrepreneurial skills, enrich their intellects and spark their creativity, and develop a sense of social justice that would translate into action.